Diagnostic Imaging Spine 3rd Edition

Tài liệu màu 2015. Chẩn đoán hình ảnh cột sống. (Bản màu đẹp)

INDEX

Part I: Congenital and Genetic Disorders

SECTION 1: CONGENITAL

  • NORMAL ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Measurement Techniques
  • MR Artifacts
  • Normal Variant
  • Craniovertebral
  • Junction Variants
  • Ponticulus Posticus
  • Ossiculum Terminale
  • Conjoined Nerve Roots
  • Limbus Vertebra
  • Filum Terminale Fibrolipoma
  • Bone Island
  • Ventriculus Terminalis

CHIARI DISORDERS

  • Chiari 0
  • Chiari 1

Complex Chiary

  • Chiari 2
  • Chiari 3

ABNORMALITIES OF NEURULATION

  • Approach to Spine and Spinal Cord Development
  • Myelomeningocele
  • Lipomyelomeningocele
  • Lipoma
  • Dorsal Dermal Sinus
  • Simple Coccygeal Dimple
  • Dermoid Cysts
  • Epidermoid Cysts

ANOMALIES OF THE CAUDAL CELL MESS

  • Tethered Spinal Cord
  • Segmental Spinal Dysgenesis
  • Caudal Regression Syndrome
  • Terminal Myelocystocele
  • Anterior Sacral Meningocele
  • 120 Sacral Extradural Arachnoid Cyst
  • Sacrococcygeal Teratoma

ANOMALIES OF NOTOCHORD AND VERTEBRAL FORMATION

  • Craniovertebral Junction Embryology
  • Paracondylar Process
  • Split Atlas
  • Klippel-Feil Spectrum
  • Failure of Vertebral Formation
  • Vertebral Segmentation Failure
  • Diastematomyelia
  • Partial Vertebral Duplication
  • Incomplete Fusion, Posterior Element
  • Neurenteric Cyst

DEVELOPMENTAL ABNORMALITIES

  • Os Odontoideum
  • Lateral Meningocele
  • Dorsal Spinal Meningocele
  • Dural Dysplasia

GENETIC DISORDERS

  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1
  • Neurofibromatosis Type 2
  • Achondroplasia
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses
  • Sickle Cell Disease
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Osteopetrosis
  • Gaucher Disease
  • Ochronosis
  • Connective Tissue Disorders
  • Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia
  • Thanatophoric Dwarfism

SECTION 2: SCOLIOSIS AND KYPHOSIS

  • Introduction to Scoliosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Kyphosis
  • Degenerative Scoliosis
  • Flat Back Syndrome
  • Scoliosis Instrumentation

Part II: Trauma

SECTION 1: VERTEBRAL COLUMN, DISCS, AND PARASPINAL MUSCLE

  • Fracture Classification
  • Atlantooccipital Dislocation
  • Ligamentous Injury
  • Occipital Condyle Fracture
  • Jefferson C1 Fracture
  • Odontoid C2 Fracture
  • Burst C2 Fracture
  • Hangman’s C2 Fracture
  • Apophyseal Ring Fracture
  • Cervical Hyperflexion Injury
  • Cervical Hyperextension Injury
  • Cervical Hyperextension-Rotation Injury
  • Cervical Burst Fracture
  • Cervical Hyperflexion-Rotation Injury
  • Cervical Lateral Flexion Injury
  • Cervical Posterior Column Injury
  • Traumatic Disc Herniation
  • Thoracic and Lumbar Burst Fracture
  • Facet-Lamina Thoracolumbar Fracture
  • Fracture Dislocation
  • Chance Fracture
  • Thoracic and Lumbar Hyperextension Injury
  • Anterior Compression Fracture
  • Lateral Compression Fracture
  • Lumbar Facet-Posterior Fracture
  • Sacral Traumatic Fracture
  • Pedicle Stress Fracture
  • Sacral Insufficiency Fracture

SECTION 2: CORD, DURA, AND VESSELS

  • SCIWORA
  • Post-traumatic Syrinx
  • Presyrinx Edema
  • Spinal Cord Contusion-Hematoma
  • Idiopathic Spinal Cord Herniation
  • Central Spinal Cord Syndrome
  • Traumatic Dural Tear
  • Traumatic Epidural Hematoma
  • Traumatic Subdural Hematoma
  • Vascular Injury, Cervical
  • Traumatic Arteriovenous Fistula
  • Wallerian Degeneration

Part III: Degenerative Diseases and Arthritides

SECTION 1: DEGENERATIVE DISEASES

  • Nomenclature of Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Degenerative Endplate Changes
  • Degenerative Arthritis of the CVJ
  • Disc Bulge
  • Anular Fissure, Intervertebral Disc
  • Cervical Intervertebral Disc Herniation
  • Thoracic Intervertebral Disc Herniation
  • Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation
  • Intervertebral Disc Extrusion, Foraminal
  • Cervical Facet Arthropathy
  • Lumbar Facet Arthropathy
  • Facet Joint Synovial Cyst
  • Baastrup Disease
  • Bertolotti Syndrome
  • Schmorl Node
  • Scheuermann Disease
  • Acquired Lumbar Central Stenosis
  • Congenital Spinal Stenosis
  • Cervical Spondylosis
  • DISH
  • OPLL
  • Ossification Ligamentum Flavum
  • Periodontoid Pseudotumor

SECTION 2: SPONDYLOLISTHESIS AND SPONDYLOLYSIS

  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spondylolysis
  • Instability

SECTION 3: INFLAMMATORY, CRYSTALLINE, AND MISCELLANEOUS ARTHRITIDES

  • Adult Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Spondyloarthropathy
  • Neurogenic (Charcot) Arthropathy
  • Hemodialysis Spondyloarthropathy
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • CPPD
  • Gout
  • Longus Colli Calcific Tendinitis

Part IV: Infection and Inflammatory Disorders

SECTION 1: INFECTIONS

  • Pathways of Spread
  • Spinal Meningitis
  • Pyogenic Osteomyelitis
  • Tuberculous Osteomyelitis
  • Fungal and Miscellaneous Osteomyelitis
  • Osteomyelitis, C1-C2
  • Brucellar Spondylitis
  • Septic Facet Joint Arthritis
  • Paraspinal Abscess
  • Epidural Abscess
  • Subdural Abscess
  • Abscess, Spinal Cord
  • Viral Myelitis
  • HIV Myelitis
  • Syphilitic Myelitis
  • Opportunistic Infections
  • Echinococcus
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Cysticercosis

SECTION 2: INFLAMMATORY AND AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS

  • Acute Transverse Myelopathy
  • Idiopathic Acute Transverse Myelitis
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Neuromyelitis Optica
  • ADEM
  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome
  • CIDP
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Subacute Combined Degeneration
  • HARDWARE
  • Metal Artifact
  • Occipitocervical Fixation
  • Plates and Screws
  • Cages
  • Interbody Fusion Devices
  • Interspinous Spacing Devices
  • Cervical Artificial Disc
  • Lumbar Artificial Disc
  • Hardware Failure
  • Bone Graft Complications
  • rhBMP-2 Complications
  • Heterotopic Bone Formation
  • Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis
  • Grisel Syndrome
  • Paraneoplastic Myelopathy

Part V: Neoplasms, Cysts, and Other Masses

SECTION 1: NEOPLASMS

INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW

  • Spread of Neoplasms
  • EXTRADURAL
  • Blastic Osseous Metastases
  • Lytic Osseous Metastases
  • Hemangioma
  • Osteoid Osteoma
  • Osteoblastoma
  • Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
  • Giant Cell Tumor
  • Osteochondroma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Chordoma
  • Ewing Sarcoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Leukemia
  • Plasmacytoma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Neuroblastic Tumor
  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
  • Angiolipoma

INTRADURAL EXTRAMEDULLARY

  • Schwannoma
  • Meningioma
  • Solitary Fibrous Tumor/Hemangiopericytoma
  • Neurofibroma
  • Malignant Nerve Sheath Tumors
  • Metastases, CSF Disseminated
  • Paraganglioma

INTRAMEDULLARY

  • Astrocytoma
  • Cellular Ependymoma
  • Myxopapillary Ependymoma
  • Hemangioblastoma
  • Spinal Cord Metastases
  • Primary Melanocytic Neoplasms/Melanocytoma
  • Ganglioglioma

SECTION 2: NONNEOPLASTIC CYSTS AND TUMOR MIMICS

  • CYSTS
  • CSF Flow Artifact
  • Meningeal Cyst
  • Perineural Root Sleeve Cyst
  • Syringomyelia
  • NONNEOPLASTIC MASSES AND TUMOR MIMICS
  • Epidural Lipomatosis
  • Normal Fatty Marrow Variants
  • Fibrous Dysplasia
  • Kümmell Disease
  • Hirayama Disease

SECTION 3: VASCULAR AND SYSTEMIC DISORDERS VASCULAR LESIONS

  • Vascular Anatomy
  • Persistent First Intersegmental Artery
  • Persistent Hypoglossal Artery
  • Persistent Proatlantal Artery
  • Type 1 Vascular Malformation (dAVF)
  • Type 2 Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
  • Type 3 Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
  • Type 4 Vascular Malformation (AVF)
  • Conus Arteriovenous Malformation
  • Posterior Fossa Dural Fistula with Intraspinal Drainage
  • Cavernous Malformation
  • Spinal Artery Aneurysm
  • Spinal Cord Infarction
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • Spontaneous Epidural Hematoma
  • Subdural Hematoma
  • Superficial Siderosis
  • Hematomyelia/Nontraumatic Cord Hemorrhage
  • Bow Hunter Syndrome
  • Vertebral Dissection

SPINAL MANIFESTATIONS OF SYSTEMIC DISEASES

  • Osteoporosis
  • Paget Disease
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Renal Osteodystrophy
  • Hyperplastic Vertebral Marrow
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Bone Infarction
  • Extramedullary Hematopoiesis
  • Tumoral Calcinosis

Part VI: Peripheral Nerve and Plexus

SECTION 1: PLEXUS AND PERIPHERAL NERVE LESIONS

  • Normal Plexus and Nerve Anatomy
  • Superior Sulcus Tumor
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
  • Muscle Denervation
  • Brachial Plexus Traction Injury
  • Idiopathic Brachial Plexus Neuritis
  • Traumatic Neuroma
  • Radiation Plexopathy
  • Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor
  • Peripheral Neurolymphomatosis
  • Hypertrophic Neuropathy
  • Femoral Neuropathy
  • Ulnar Neuropathy
  • Suprascapular Neuropathy
  • Median Neuropathy
  • Common Peroneal Neuropathy
  • Tibial Neuropathy

Part VII: Spine Postprocedural Imaging

SECTION 1: POSTOPERATIVE IMAGING AND COMPLICATIONS

  • Surgical Approaches
  • Normal Postoperative Change
  • Postoperative Spinal Complications
  • Myelography Complications
  • Vertebroplasty Complications
  • Failed Back Surgery Syndrome
  • Recurrent Disc Herniation
  • Peridural Fibrosis
  • Arachnoiditis/Adhesions
  • Arachnoiditis Ossificans
  • Accelerated Degeneration
  • Postoperative Infection
  • Pseudomeningocele
  • CSF Leakage Syndrome
  • Postsurgical Deformity

SECTION 2: POST-RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPY COMPLICATIONS

  • Radiation Myelopathy
  • Post-Irradiation Vertebral Marrow
  • Anterior Lumbar Radiculopathy

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